中华人民共和国政府和马来西亚政府
关于相互承认高等教育学历和学位的协定
 

  为推动两国在高等教育领域的合作并促进两国学生的交流,代表中华人民共和国政府的中华人民共和国教育部和代表马来西亚政府的马来西亚高等教育部(以下简称“一方”或“双方”)意识到建立高等教育学位互认机制的重要性,根据双方曾于2009年11月11日在马来西亚普特拉贾亚签署的《中华人民共和国政府和马来西亚政府高等教育合作谅解备忘录》中探讨在相互承认学历和学位的可能性的内容,就相互承认高等教育学历和学位达成协定(以下简称“协定”)如下:

  第一款 协定目的

  根据本协定的各条款和两国的有效法律、法规及国家政策,双方同意本协定的根本目的在于推动两国互相承认的高等教育颁证机构所颁发给两国学生的高等教育文凭。

  第二款 定 义

  除非有另外约定,在本协定中:

  1. “高等教育文凭”指中国政府和马来西亚政府承认并授权的高等教育机构颁发的学士学位、硕士学位或博士学位。

  2.“经认证的教学项目”指由中国和马来西亚负责高等教育质量保障的指定机构审核通过的教学项目。

  3.“文凭互认”指凡经两国指定机构认证或视同认证后的文凭即可互认。

  4.“指定机构”是指中国政府和马来西亚政府承认和授权的指定机构。

  5. “高等教育颁证机构”是指中国政府和马来西亚政府承认和授权的公立或私立的高等教育机构(本国承认高等教育机构内的第三方文凭除外)。

  6. “教学项目”指为获得某个文凭而需要学习并完成的课程安排。

  7.“公立高等教育机构”指:

  中国:经中华人民共和国政府批准设立并授权颁发文凭的大学、学院、高等专科学校、科研院所和其他高等教育机构。

  马来西亚:马来西亚政府法律规定下批准设立并授权颁发高等教育学位的高等教育机构。

  8.“私立高等教育院校”指:根据马来西亚私立大学法案1996[法案555]所设立的院校。

  第三款 双方的义务

  为达成第一款所述目标,双方各自的指定机构应:

  1. 提供各自国家所承认的高等教育文凭相关信息。

  2. 根据各自国家的现行法规和实际情况,为对方国家所承认的高等教育文凭信息提供建议。

  3. 为增进学术交流与合作,在高等教育法规和两国文凭体制的对等研究方面向各自高校提供建议。

  4. 双方公布目前在各自国家被承认的高校相关信息。

  5. 提供各自国家具有学位授予权的高校所开设的经认证的教学项目名单。该名单须由各自国家指定机构定期更新。

  6. 若一方高等院校和颁证机构名单发生变化,须告知对方。双方提供各自国家有关不同授予称号的信息。

  第四款 应用范围

  本协定适用于中华人民共和国政府和马来西亚政府承认的高等教育文凭。

  第五款 学校的自主权

  双方尊重两国高校根据适用法律、法规和国家政策所拥有的在录取学生方面的自主权。

  第六款 高等教育院校的入学要求

  1. 由于高校的入学要求和教学项目安排不尽相同,获得下列资格方可进入对方高校学习:

  中国:

  1) 持有马来西亚高中文凭(大学入学考试、基础、A-level高中课程考试、马来西亚高中毕业证或同等学历文凭)和马来西亚合法颁证机构授予的文凭(备注:此文凭指高于高中毕业证而低于学士学位的证书)的学生可以在中国获准攻读学士学位;

  2) 持有马来西亚承认的高等教育机构颁发的学士学位的学生,可考虑在中国获准进行旨在攻读硕士研究生学位的学习;

  3) 持有马来西亚承认的高等教育机构颁发的学士学位的学生,由于成绩优秀以及科研工作或论文出色,可考虑在中国获准进行旨在攻读博士学位的学习;

  4) 持有马来西亚承认的高等教育机构颁发的硕士学位的学生,根据其先前的学习成绩和将来的研究计划,可以在中国学习相应专业的博士研究生课程。

  马来西亚:

  1) 持有中国承认的颁证机构颁发的高中毕业证或中等职业教育毕业证的学生可以在马来西亚获准攻读学士学位;

  2) 持有中国承认的高等教育机构颁发的大专毕业证的学生可以在马来西亚获准攻读学士学位;

  3) 持有中国承认的高等教育机构颁发的学士学位的学生可以在马来西亚获准攻读硕士学位;

  4) 中国承认的高等教育机构颁发的学士学位的学生,由于成绩优秀以及科研工作或论文出色,可考虑在马来西亚获准进行旨在攻读博士学位的学习;

  5) 持有中国承认的高等教育机构颁发的硕士学位的学生,根据其先前的学习成绩和将来的研究计划,可以在马来西亚学习博士研究生课程。

  2.两国的高等教育院校可根据各自的规定来决定学生入学所要达到的等级和考试分数。

  第七款 专家委员会

  1. 双方应成立一个专家委员会,由来自双方提名的颁证机构的成员组成。一方应将各自参加专家委员会的成员名单及发生的任何变化告知另一方。

  2. 委员会主席由代表中国政府的教育部高级官员和代表马来西亚政府的高等教育部高级官员共同担任。

  3. 专家委员会的职能包括:

  1) 对由本协定产生的所有问题进行跟进并对细节进行深入的讨论;

  2) 监督、促进双方的指定机构及其它相关机构之间的合作以确保中国和马来西亚高等教育学历学位互认机制的持续发展;

  3) 通过定期回顾对有关互认机制持续发展的信息进行交流;

  4) 对本协定的执行进程及在本协定框架下达成的所有谅解进行回顾、总结,并向各自负责高等教育的中国教育部和马来西亚高等教育部提出建议。

  4. 专家委员会根据双方都同意开展的工作项目视情安排会议或讨论。

  第八款 费 用

  1. 对于在执行本协定过程中所产生的费用,由双方根据实际情况协商后进行专项安排。

  2. 组织会议或工作组的费用由主办方承担,委派代表参加会议或工作组的另一方自行承担交通、生活和其它费用。

  第九款 中 止

  一方有权因国家安全、国家利益、公共秩序、公共健康的原因暂时中止执行本协定的全部或部分条款,中止行为自一方通过外交途径书面告知另一方时即刻生效。

  第十款 保 密

  1. 在本协定或基于本协定所签订的其他协定的执行过程中,一方需承担对另一方所提供的文件、信息及其它数据保密的责任。

  2. 双方同意在本协定终止后,本条款继续有效。

  第十一款 修 改

  1. 任何一方可提出对本协定的全部或部分条款进行修订。

  2. 经双方同意的书面修改意见将成为本协定的一部分。

  3. 经双方同意的书面修改意见自双方约定之日起生效。

  4. 任何修订都不得影响本协定中在修订之日前或直到修订之日已涉及的双方原应享有的权利和应承担的义务的法律地位。

  第十二款 争端的解决

  如双方对本协定条款的解释、实施、执行出现分歧或争议,应由双方通过采取友好协商或谈判方式解决,而无需任何第三方或国际法庭介入。

  第十三款 生效与终止

  1. 本协定自签署之日起六个月后生效。

  2. 任何一方均有权终止本协定,但需以书面形式通过外交途径通知另一方。协定的终止不影响已经入学学生的权利。

  以下签署人由各自政府授权签署本协定。

  本协定于二零一一年四月二十八日在吉隆坡签订,用中文和英文、马来文三种文字写成,三种文字具有同等效力。在对文本的解释发生分歧时,应以英文文本为准。

  中华人民共和国政府代表 马来西亚政府代表

 

AGREEMENT
BETWEEN
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
AND
THE GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA
ON
FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT TO FACILITATE MUTUAL RECOGNITION IN ACADEMIC HIGHER EDUCATION QUALIFICATIONS

THE GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA as represented by the Ministry of Education (“China”) AND THE GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA as represented by the Ministry of Higher Education (“Malaysia”) (hereinafter referred to singularly as “the Party” and collectively as “the Parties”),
RECOGNISING the benefit of establishing mechanisms to facilitate mutual recognition of academic higher education qualifications in order to promote cooperation in higher education and to facilitate students’ mobility between both countries;
REAFFIRMING the Parties commitments made under the Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of Malaysia on Cooperation in the Field of Higher Education, signed at Putrajaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 11 November 2009 to study the possibilities for mutual recognition of academic qualifications;
HAVE AGREED as follows:

ARTICLE I
OBJECTIVE

The Parties, subject to the terms of this Agreement and the laws, rules, regulations and national policies from time to time in force in each country, agree that the primary objective of this Agreement is to facilitate mutual recognition of academic higher education qualifications awarded to students in China and in Malaysia by their respective higher educational awarding institutions.

ARTICLE II 

DEFINITION

In this Agreement, unless the context otherwise requires:
(a) “Academic higher education qualifications” means a bachelor degree, a Master degree or a PhD degree awarded by any higher education institutions recognized and authorized by the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of Malaysia;
(b) “Accredited Programmes” means programmes that are quality assured by the designated bodies responsible for quality assurance of higher education in China and Malaysia, respectively;
(c) “Comparability of qualifications” refers to the formal acceptance of mutual equivalency of qualifications accredited or deemed to be accredited by the designated bodies in China and Malaysia;
(d)   “Designated Bodies” means any equivalent designated bodies that is recognized and authorized by the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of Malaysia;
(e)   “Higher Education Awarding Institutions” means a public or private higher education institution recognized and authorized by the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of Malaysia; ‘except the academic higher education qualifications from the third countries already recognized by each country’;
(f)     “Programmes” means the arrangement of a course of study leading to the award of a higher education qualification upon the successful completion thereof;
(g)     “Public Higher Education Institutions” means:
China:
A University, or a University College, or a Tertiary College, or a Research Institution and other Higher Education Institutions which are recognized and authorized with degree awarding power by the Government of the People’s Republic of China;
Malaysia:
Any higher education institutions authorized or established under any written law by the Government of Malaysia to award higher education degrees.
(h)   “Private Higher Education Institutions” means any institution as defined  under the Private Higher Education Institutions Act 1996 [Act 555] in Malaysia.

ARTICLE III
OBLIGATIONS OF THE PARTIES

1. To achieve the objective referred to in Article I,  the Designated Bodies of both Parties shall:
(a) provide information on recognition of academic higher education qualifications in each country;
(b) make recommendations on recognition of academic higher education qualifications in each country in accordance with their current regulations and practices;
(c) advise higher education institutions in their respective countries on the provision of higher education and the comparability of qualifications from both systems with the aim of facilitating academic mobility and co-operation;
(d) make publicly available the  information on currently recognized higher education institutions in their respective countries;
(e) provide lists of currently accredited programmes from recognized higher education in their respective countries’ institutions with degree-awarding powers for Bachelor, Master and Doctoral Degree. This information shall be maintained and updated regularly by each Parties’ designated bodies; and
(f) notify each other of any changes to the list of recognized higher education institutions and awarding bodies, and provide information on different award titles in their respective countries.

ARTICLE IV
SCOPE AND APPLICATION 

This Agreement shall apply to academic higher education qualifications recognized by the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of Malaysia.

ARTICLE V
AUTONOMY OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Both Parties respect the autonomy of higher education institutions for admission to higher education programmes in accordance with the laws, rules, regulations and national policies from time to time in force in each respective country.

ARTICLE VI
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION TO THE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

1. Subject to the specific requirements of the admitting institutions and availability of place, including the manner in which their programmes are organised, the following entry qualification should be considered eligible for admission to higher education institutions:
In China:
(a) Holders of Higher School Certificates (Matriculation, Foundation, A-Level, Malaysian Higher School Certificate, or its equivalent) and Diploma from recognized Malaysia’s awarding bodies to enter into programmes leading to Bachelor’s Degree in China;
(b) Holders of Bachelor degrees from accredited programmes from recognized higher education institutions in Malaysia may be considered for admission to studies leading to a Masters degree programme in China;
(c) Holders of Bachelor degrees from accredited programmes from recognized higher education institutions in Malaysia who have achieved outstanding results and completed excellent research work/dissertations may be considered for admission to further studies leading to doctoral degrees;
(d) Holders of Master degrees from accredited programmes from recognized higher education institutions in Malaysia to enter Doctoral programmes in relevant subjects in China subject to the relevance of previous studies and the proposed research; and
In Malaysia
(a) Students with High School Diploma or Certificate of Secondary Vocational Education from recognized awarding bodies in China to enter into programmes leading to Bachelor Degrees in Malaysia;
(b) Holders of Higher Diploma from accredited programme from recognized higher education institutions in China to enter into programmes leading to Bachelor Degrees in Malaysia;
(c) Holders of Bachelor Degree from accredited programme from recognized higher education institutions in China to pursue Master Degree programme in Malaysia;
(d) Holders of Bachelor Degree from accredited programme from recognized higher education institutions in China who have achieved outstanding results and completed excellent research work/dissertations may be considered for admission to further studies leading to doctoral degree;
(e) Holders of Master Degree from accredited programme from recognized higher education institutions in China to pursue doctoral studies in Malaysia subject to the relevance of previous studies and the proposed research; and
2. Higher education institutions in each country retain the right to determine the grades and examination results required for all courses of study according to their own regulations.

ARTICLE VII
EXPERT COMMITTEE

1. The Parties shall establish an Expert Committee consisting of members from awarding bodies nominated by each country. A Party shall notify the other party of the names of their members of the Expert Committee and any changes thereto.
2. The Expert Committee shall be co-chaired by a Senior Official of the Ministry of Education, China, on behalf of the Government of China, and by a Senior Official of the Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia, on behalf of the Government of Malaysia.
3. The functions of the Expert Committee shall be as follows:
(a) to follow-up on all issues arising from this Agreement including to conduct further discussions on details as appropriate; and
(b) to monitor and facilitate the co-operation between the designated bodies and other relevant organisations to ensure the continuing development of recognition mechanisms of academic higher education qualifications between China and Malaysia; and
(c) to exchange information that is deemed relevant to the continuing development of the recognition mechanisms of academic higher education qualifications between China and Malaysia through periodic review; and
(d) to review the progress of the implementation of this Agreement, of all understandings concluded and agreed upon between China and Malaysia within the framework of this Agreement and to make recommendation accordingly to their respective Ministry responsible for higher education.
4.   The Expert Committee may arrange for meetings and/or discussions as necessary and appropriate, in accordance with any working programmes which may be agreed upon by both Parties.

ARTICLE VIII
FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS

1. The financial arrangements to cover expenses in implementing the objective of this Agreement shall be mutually agreed upon by the respective Parties on a case-by-case basis subject to the availability of funds.
2. Notwithstanding Clause 1 above, expenses for organising any meetings or working groups shall be borne by the Party hosting the meetings or working groups. The Party which is sending its representatives for participation in meetings or working groups, shall bear their own travel living expenses and any other expenses incurred.

ARTICLE IX
SUSPENSION

Each Party reserves the right for reasons of national security, national interest, public order or public health to suspend temporarily, either in whole or in part, the implementation of this Agreement which suspension shall take effect immediately after written notification has been given to the other Party through diplomatic channels.

ARTICLE X
CONFIDENTIALITY

1. Each Party shall undertake to observe the confidentiality and secrecy of documents, information and other data received or supplied to the other Party during the period of the implementation of this Agreement or any other agreement made pursuant to this Agreement.
2. Both Parties agree that the provisions of this Clause shall continue to be binding between the Parties notwithstanding termination of this Agreement.

ARTICLE XI
REVISION, MODIFICATION AND AMENDMENT

1. Either Party may request in writing a revision, modification or amendment of all or any part of this Agreement.
2. Any revision, modification or amendment shall be mutually agreed upon by the Parties and shall be reduced into writing and shall form part of this Agreement.
3. Such revision, modification or amendment shall come into force on such date as may be determined by the Parties.
4. Any revision, modification or amendment shall be without prejudice to the rights and obligations arising from or based on this Agreement before or up the date of such revision, modification or amendment.

ARTICLE XII
SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES

Any difference or dispute between the Parties concerning the interpretation and/or implementation and/or application of any of the provisions of this Agreement shall be settled amicably through mutual consultation and/or negotiations between the Parties without reference to any third party or international tribunal.

ARTICLE XIII
ENTRY INTO FORCE AND TERMINATION

1. This Agreement shall enter into force six (6) months after the date of signing of this Agreement.
2. Notwithstanding Clause 1 above, either Party may terminate this Agreement by notifying the other Party of its intention to terminate this Agreement by a notice in writing through diplomatic channels. The termination of this Agreement shall not prejudice the students who are enrolled at the time of the said termination.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized thereto by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement.
DONE at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on the 28th of April 2011, in three original copies in Chinese, Malay and English languages, all texts being equally authentic. In the event of any divergence of interpretation between any of the texts, the English text shall prevail.


FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA        

FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA

 

List of Degree Granting Institutions in Malaysia

Public Universities
1 Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia
2 Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
3 Universiti Malaya
4 Universiti Malaysia Kelantan
5 Universiti Malaysia Pahang
6 Universiti Malaysia Perlis
7 Universiti Malaysia Sabah
8 Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
9 Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
10 Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
11 Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia
12 Universiti Putra Malaysia
13 Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
14 Universiti Sains Malaysia
15 Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
16 Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka
17 Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
18 Universiti Teknologi MARA
19 Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
20 Universiti Utara Malaysia

Private Universities
21 AIMST University
22 Al-Bukhary International University
23 Al-Madinah International University
24 Asia Metropolitan University
25 Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation
26 Binary University of Management and Entrepreneurship
27 HELP University
28 Infrastructure University Kuala Lumpur
29 International Centre for Education in Islamic Finance
30 International Medical University
31 INTI International University
32 International University of Malaya-Wales
33 Limkokwing University of Creative Technology
34 Malaysian Institute for Supply Chain Innovation
35 Malaysia University of Science and Technology
36 Management and Science University
37 Manipal International University
38 Multimedia University
39 Nilai University
40 Perdana University
41 Putra Business School
42 Quest International University Perak
43 Raffles University Iskandar
44 SEGI University
45 Sunway University
46 Taylor’s University
47 UCSI University
48 UNITAR International University
49 Universiti Kuala Lumpur
50 Universiti Selangor
51 Universiti Teknologi Petronas
52 Universiti Tenaga Nasional
53 Universiti Tun Abdul Razak
54 Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman

University Colleges
55 Allianze University College of Medical Sciences
56 BERJAYA University College of Hospitality
57 City University College of Science and Technology
58 Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences
59 INSANIAH University College
60 International Islamic University College Selangor
61 International University College of Arts and Science
62 International University College of Technology Twintech
63 KDU University College
64 KPJ Healthcare University College
65 Kuala Lumpur Metropolitan University College
66 Lincoln University College
67 Linton University College
68 MAHSA University
69 Southern University College
70 TATI University College
71 University College Bestari
72 University College of Islam Malacca
73 University College Shahputra
74 Vinayaka Mission International University College

Other Degree Granting Institutions
75 Akademi Seni Budaya dan Warisan Kebangsaan
76 Institut Pendidikan Guru

2013-01-15